Study detail featured image

Interval Timing Enhancements and Elementary School Mathematics Achievement

Study - Published in Journal of Research in Childhood Education


Pediatric, Academic Performance, Cognitive Skills

This fascinating study explored the potential of Interactive Metronome (IM) training to enhance mathematics achievement among elementary students.

With a total of 86 students aged 7-10 from an inner-city charter school, the study separated participants into two groups: one receiving IM training and the other enjoying regular recess. The training group participated in 18 daily sessions of 50 minutes each over four weeks, while all students were evaluated for mathematical proficiency before and after using the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement.

Mirroring results from other studies, the cross-domain effect of IM training became evident – sensorimotor synchronization training generalizing into substantial improvements in cognitive, motor, and academic skills.

Remarkably, students who underwent IM training displayed significantly higher math achievement scores compared to their recess-participating peers. This growth outpaced typical expectations for their age group over the same period.

These findings open a fascinating discussion on how non-academic interventions like IM training can demonstrably improve students’ academic performances.

Abridged Summary & Results of Study

Effects of Improvements in Interval Timing on the Mathematics Achievement of Elementary School Students

YEAR: 2015

PUBLICATION: Journal of Research in Childhood Education

AUTHOR: Gordon E. Taub, Kevin S. McGrew & Timothy Z. Keith

Elementary school-age children who received Interactive Metronome (IM) training demonstrated significantly higher scores on tests of math achievement compared to the control group who participated in recess. Those that completed IM training demonstrated greater accuracy in their math problem solving and completed mathematics problems faster than the control group. The growth in math achievement in the experimental (IM training) group was above and beyond the expected growth for that age group in that same time period.


  • n=86 children ages 7-9 (1st – 4th grades) were randomly assigned to:
    • experimental group: 49 children participated in IM training in groups of 12 for 18 daily sessions, lasting 50 min each, over a 4 week period
    • control group: 37 children participated in recess
  • math achievement was measured pre & post via Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ III) Calculation & Math Fluency subtests
  • neither group received academic instruction during the study

Curious? Got Questions?

We have IM consultants standing by to answer your questions.

Get IM Certified!

Getting Certified in Interactive Metronome is Easy! Attend a Live, Online Virtual Certification course and in one day you can start offering Interactive Metronome to your clients.

Education, Support & More!

We offer ongoing support and continuing education in Interactive Metronome so you can get the most from it. Learn how to profitably implement IM into your practice and help more patients in less time.

Our FREE on-demand library is chock full of specific short classes tailored to different populations and conditions as well as advanced IM application courses.

We routinely have Live webinars where you can sharpen your skills and learn the latest from clinicians.

And our clinical advisers are happy to help you with suggestions for particular clients.

IM Works.
Find Out How It Can Impact Your Practice

With IM you can easily scale & grow your practice, all while achieving better patient outcomes!

    Attending a Live Event (satisfy your Live Contact Hour/CEU requirements)Attending a Live Webinar Based Presentation from an IM RepresentativeReceiving more information about accelerating treatment outcomes with Interactive Metronome
    (Check all that apply)
    I understand that my email will be added to the IM communications list.

    Connect With Us

    We’re social people – we invite you to keep in touch with us. Follow us and be the first to hear news, get updates, media stories, press releases, special offers and more!

    • AOTA Approved Provider - ASHA Approved Provider - GSA and CE Approved