Study detail featured image

Interactive Metronome: Unlocking Cognitive and Physical Enhancements in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

White Paper


Adult, Cognitive Skills, Motor Skills

In the white paper examining the effects of Interactive Metronome (IM) on Parkinson’s patients, researchers focused on how IM impacts cognitive ability, upper extremity function, and balance. The study employed a single-subject experimental research design, known as ABA design, and included two patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

The patients were observed for approximately 30 to 40 minutes across a total of 25 sessions. Each session began with an evaluation of the patient’s cognition, upper extremity function, and balance (phase A), followed by 30-40 minutes of IM training (phase B), and concluded with another assessment of the same functions (phase A). The training and assessments were carried out across 15 sessions.

Following the IM training, both patients demonstrated improved cognitive function, better control and usage of their upper extremities, and enhanced balance. These findings suggest that IM training could have a positive effect on Parkinson’s patients in these key areas, providing valuable insights for clinicians in Occupational Therapy working with Parkinson’s patients.

The study underscores the potential of IM as a beneficial intervention for Parkinson’s patients, helping to improve their cognitive abilities and physical functions, thus potentially enhancing their quality of life.

Abridged Summary & Results of Study

The Effects of Interactive Metronome on, Cognitive and Upper Extremity function, balance for Parkinson’s disease


AUTHOR: A-Reum Kim


Patients with Parkinson’s Disease demonstrated significant improvements in cognition, upper extremity function and balance following Interactive Metronome (IM) training.


  • n=2 patients with diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease participated in single-subject research with ABA design
    • both patients were evaluated for cognition, upper extremity function and balance during pre-intervention baseline phase (A)
    • both patients then participated in 30-40 minutes of IM training for 15 sessions during the intervention phase (B) – upper extremity function and balance were assessed at the conclusion of each IM training session
    • both patients were then evaluated again for cognition, upper extremity function and balance during the post-intervention phase (A)

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